The Ministry of Labour and Social Protection was established following the reorganization of Government in May, 2016. The Ministry has two State Departments; Labour and Social Protection. The two State Departments have existed in various forms since independence in 1963. They were under the then Ministry of East African Community, Labour and Social Service, prior to the reorganization of Government in 2016.
Executive Order No. 1 of 2018 (Revised) on Organization of the Government of Kenya placed the following departments under the Ministry: Department of Labour; Directorate of Occupational Safety and Health Services (DOSHS); Office of the Registrar of Trade Unions; National Productivity and Competitiveness Centre (NPCC); Department of National Human Resource Planning and Development (NHRPD); Department of Social Development; Department of Children Services; National Social Protection Secretariat (NSPS); and Social Assistance Unit (SAU).
The Ministry has one Autonomous Government Agency (AGA), the National Social Security Fund (NSSF) and five Semi-Autonomous Government Agencies (SAGAs) namely: National Industrial Training Authority (NITA); National Employment Authority (NEA); National Council for Persons With Disabilities (NCPWD; National Council for Children Services (NCCS); and Child Welfare Society of Kenya (CWSK). The gazetted entities under the Ministry are: National Labour Board; National Council for Occupational Safety and Health (NACOSH); Steering Committee on Child Adoption in Kenya; National Assistance Trust Fund for Victims of Trafficking in Persons; Advisory Committee for Counter Trafficking in Persons; and the Street Families Trust Fund (SFTF).